What is Sinusitis?

Sinusitis, also known as a sinus infection, occurs when the tissues that line the sinuses become inflamed. This can cause the sinus cavities to be blocked with fluid, resulting in an infection. Sinusitis can be categorized into two types: acute and chronic.

Common symptoms of sinusitis may include:

  • Facial pressure or pain
  • Stuffy or runny nose
  • Cough
  • Headache
  • Fever
  • Fatigue
  • Dental pain

Acute Sinusitis

Acute sinusitis is usually caused by the common cold, which is a viral infection and usually resolves within 10 days. However, in some cases, a bacterial infection can form, in which antibiotics will need to be prescribed.

In cases where acute sinusitis is caused by a viral infection, it usually resolves on its own. However, there are steps that can be taken to reduce your symptoms, including:

  • Nasal spray- to rinse nasal passages.
  • Nasal corticosteroids- to help prevent and treat inflammation.
  • Decongestants- to help open up nasal passages.
  • OTC pain relievers- to relieve any discomfort.

Chronic Sinusitis

Chronic sinusitis occurs when the sinuses become inflamed and swollen for at least 12 weeks. This condition can be caused by infection, growths in the sinuses, or a deviated nasal septum.

If your chronic sinusitis is caused by a bacterial infection, antibiotics will be prescribed. In cases where your sinusitis is caused by a viral infection, the goal is to reduce symptoms and the number of flare-ups. This can be achieved through a number of treatment options, including:

  • Saline sprays- to reduce drainage and rise away irritants.
  • Nasal corticosteroids- help prevent and treat inflammation.
  • Oral or injected corticosteroids- are used to relieve inflammation from severe sinusitis.
  • Aspirin desensitization treatment- are used to help treat reactions to aspirin that cause sinusitis.

Patients in the Springfield Township area who are experiencing symptoms of sinusitis can visit Springfield Urgent Care to receive timely and quality care

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