What is a Simple Fracture?
A simple fracture is a result of excessive force or impact on the bone, resulting in a break. A fracture can be complete, breaking into two pieces, or incomplete, when the bone is cracked but not all the way through. When a bone breaks through the skin and is exposed, this is considered a compound fracture. A simple fracture or closed fracture refers to a break that does not compromise the skin.
There are several different types of fractures including:
- Transverse: A break across the width of the bone
- Longitudinal: A break along the length of the bone
- Stress: A break that occurs from repetitive motion or strain
- Hairline: A partial break
- Avulsion: A break caused by a muscle or ligament pulling on the bone
The symptoms of a simple fracture will depend on the location of the break and its severity. Some common symptoms of a broken bone include:
- Pain in the injured area that is worsened when moved
- Inability to put weight on the injured area
- Swelling and bruising over the bone
- Loss of function in the injured area
Causes of Simple Fractures
A bone is fractured when it is placed under intense force or stress that is stronger than the bone itself. This is often caused by a fall or impact with an object. Children are more prone to fractures because their bones have not reached full strength. Children are also more physically active and participate in sports that put them at a greater risk for injury. Older individuals are also prone to fractures because of the way bones weaken with age.
Treatment for Simple Fractures
A fracture can be detected by a provider through examining the area and taking an X-ray of the injury. If a fracture is diagnosed, treatment at a hospital may be required. Fractured bones must be set back in place and might be held with pins, plates, screws, or rods. A cast is applied to support and protect the healing bone. For smaller bone fractures such as the fingers or toes, a splint might be used instead of a cast. Medication can be prescribed to help manage any pain. Rehabilitation exercises are often recommended to maintain muscle function and promote blood flow.
If you suspect a fracture in the back, neck, or hip, or experience a bone that is exposed, seek immediate attention from an emergency room. If you are experiencing a simple fracture or are unsure if you’ve fractured a bone, contact Springfield Urgent Care. One of our healthcare providers can examine the area for a proper diagnosis and refer you for further treatment if necessary.